Latest discoveries in the fight against diseases

02/12/2022

Medicine is constantly advancing, with researchers introducing new diagnostic and treatment methods annually. For example, hospital rooms now have rolling MRI devices to assess patients and quickly administer the correct treatment. This blog is an overview of the latest discoveries in the fight against diseases you may have missed. As you read along, you will learn how you can contribute to the field and improve the medical conditions of your local community. 

Bolton Biology Students Targeted Cancer Drugs 

Initially, most cancer treatments were meant to prolong the patient's life, with only a few going into remission. However, patients can now benefit from targeted cancer drugs more effectively than chemotherapy and radiation. Targeted cancer therapies prevent cancer cells from growing and spreading by going after the proteins or genes within the cells. 
 
These treatments have been approved for over 15 types of cancer, including prostate, colon and breast cancer. Despite the research being in its infancy, it has proven effective when the drugs are administered to the correct target. Currently, there are two types of targeted cancer drugs in use: 

- Small molecule medicines slip inside the cancer cell and destroy it by blocking signals that tell the tumour to grow 
- Monoclonal antibodies block the blood vessels that feed the tumour and deny it the supplies it needs to grow 

Research is ongoing, and you can contribute to the effort by enrolling for a Master's in Advanced Clinical Practice from the University of Bolton. 
 
Precision Medicine 

Precision medicine is a medical method that offers treatment based on an individual's risk of disease and response to medicines. It develops from the work of Hippocrates and focuses on understanding the molecular basis of diseases and how they affect different individuals at the genome level. 
 
Physicians use ‘panomic’ analysis and systems biology to assess the patient's disease. Then, they use targeted treatments and track the individual's response through the treatment regimen. Precision medicine also shifts the medicine focus to prevention rather than reaction by using technology such as Artificial Intelligence and Machine Learning to determine your susceptibility to certain diseases. 
 
New Vaccines 

Patients can also benefit from the several vaccines released in recent years. For example, the COVID-19 vaccine was a game changer that helped governments manage its effects and life return to near normal. Researchers are also working on new vaccines for diseases such as Hepatitis B, Monkeypox, Rabies and Mumps. The work is not yet complete, and attaining a Biomedical Sciences Master's Degree from the University of Bolton equips you with the skills to contribute to the efforts. 

Bolton Biology Students

MSc Advanced Clinical Practice at the University of Bolton 

Whether you are an undergraduate or already working as a healthcare practitioner, a master's in advanced clinical practice empowers you with the necessary skills to become an expert in your field. Students of this degree will build their theoretical and practical abilities, allowing them to gain roles with greater responsibility and decision-making.  
 
You will also gain hands-on experience in the University of Bolton's state-of-the-art clinical simulation suite and learn a curriculum supported by Health Education Northwest and NHS Trusts. You can learn more about the programme by visiting our MSc Advanced Clinical Practice degree page. You can also contact the university directly to learn more about course requirements, student life and financing options.     
 

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